REPUBLIC OF TURKEY

MINISTRY of CUSTOMS and TRADE

Questions That May Be Potentially Raised About the Coup Attempt of July 15th, 2016

Questions That May Be Potentially Raised  
 

1. Who plotted the coup attempt in Turkey and for what purpose?   
 
  • A group of soldiers affiliated with this Gulenist Terror Organization (FETO) attempted to stage an insidious and vile coup against the Turkish government and the great Turkish nation on July, 15th, 2016.  This heinous uprising was suppressed in a short time notably by the leadership and foresight demonstrated by our Honorable President; our noble nation’s safeguarding of the values of national will and democracy, and by the dignified stance of the security forces. Unfortunately over 240 civilians and police officers died and around 3000 of our brothers and sisters were wounded during this senseless uprising.  
     
  • The main purpose of the coup attempt is to topple the democratically elected legitimate government of Turkey that has perseveringly denied the perpetrators of the coup the opportunity to establish a new polity based on their illegal and deviant thoughts, and has thus taken an unwavering stance against such evil intentions. The coup also aimed to replace the existing administrative system with a new polity serving the perverse aims, objectives and expectations of the terror organization.   
     
  • Turkey has unfortunately witnessed the terrorist attacks of a group of traitors who bombarded their own Parliament and their own public institutions with combat aircrafts, and fired bullets to the unarmed citizens and even to their comrades in arms. In the night of the attempted coup, these terrorists also attempted to assassinate the President and the Prime Minister of Turkey. 
     
  • Turkey has experienced the most bloody terrorist incident of her history. 
     
  • The Turkish people have played a major role in hindering the coup attempt. Taking to streets, the people stood up against the tanks of the gang of coup plotters and overturned the coup attempt. 
     
  • The Turkish media and politics have given a good lesson of democracy during this process. All of the Turkish political parties have safeguarded the values of national will and protected the Turkish Grand National Assembly as a representative of this will.   
     
  • The attempts of the coup plotters have been entirely overturned and the coup plotters will accordingly be imposed appropriate penalties. 
     
  • We have no doubt that Fethullah Gülen and his affiliates are behind this coup attempt.
     
  • This person believed to be the “Mahdi” by his disciples currently resides in the USA. We have accordingly demanded from the US authorities, the extradition of Fethullah Gülen. 

2. What is the story of the Gulenist Terror Organization (FETO)? When and how was it founded and how has it evolved? What are the underlying reasons of its rapid and widespread expansion?   

The Gulenist Terror Organization (FETO) is a terrorist organization founded by Fethullah Gülen with a view to abolishing the Government of the Republic of Turkey or partially or entirely obstructing government duties by resorting to compulsion, violence and other illegal means; suppressing; weakening and guiding the state authority towards malicious interests; establishing an alternative authority and eventually destroying the Turkish State.
 
The organism known as Gulenist Terror Organization (FETO) led by the so-called cleric Fethullah Gülen who resides in Pennsylvania /USA since 1999, is a terrorist organization which launched its activities by mid-1960 and has been operating in over 100 countries as from 1990s.  
The training-education institutions, the so-called charitable societies, schools, companies, media organizations and other relevant NGOs are the global backbones of the organization in charge of recruiting man force.  It is said that their total equity exceeds 100 Billion USD.  
 
This is however only “one side of the coin” for FETO. On the other side of the coin is a dark organization brainwashing and creating militant students in its schools and using fraudulent ways to infiltrate these militants into the military, police and justice department and other relevant governmental agencies in Turkey and resorting to warrantless wiretapping, blackmailing, money laundering and similar illegitimate methods with an ultimate goal of capturing the State from within.  
 
Their ultimate goal is to prevail not only in Turkey, but over a large region stretching from Africa and Central Asia to even the Far East by pretending to withhold “moderate Islam”.
 
Indistinguishable from other terrorist organizations as Al-Qaeda, ISIL etc. which are claiming to take Islam as a reference, this organism has attempted to infiltrate into various institutions of the government through illegitimate ways and methods with a view to ensure that its deviant religious thoughts prevail over, by means of distorting the genuine image of Islam as the faith of peace, serenity and fraternity.
 
In line with these goals, FETO operates under a cellular structure within several public agencies notably the Judiciary institutions, the Turkish Armed Forces and the Security. 
 
In guise of a legal organization, FETO has conducted several illegal activities to date. Among such illegal actions committed by the organization are recording and exploiting the conversations of the President, Prime Minister and members of the cabinet as well as the politicians of the ruling and opponent parties, businessmen and high level bureaucrats; recruiting the members of the organization at public institutions and having the FETO-affiliated and unauthorized judges to deliver a judgment of release of the arrested members of the organization. 
 
The military FETO-affiliates have been exposed and uncovered following the recent coup attempt and are now being purged of public service. Relevant precautions are currently applied in the police department, judiciary and other public agencies. These precautions will further bolster and strengthen the capacities of the security and intelligence departments notably in combating terrorism. 
 
FETO poses a threat not only for Turkey, but also for the national stability and security of the other countries where it operates.    
 
The following may be cited as the fundamental reasons underlying the rapid, easy and widespread expansion of the activities of FETO: 

  • exploiting the fundamental rules of Islam as a faith of peace, serenity and fraternity and dexterously camouflaging its illegal and terrorist goals by taking shelter behind the Islamic tenets;
     
  • hiding behind the widely-acclaimed initiatives as interfaith dialogue or “moderate Islam” with a view to expand the scope of its activities in non-Muslim communities;
     
  • paying special attention to the establishment of good relations with the higher level political and military/civil bureaucracy in the countries it is to operate; and receiving direct or indirect support from leading nations of the world by use of such relations; 
     
  • using the substantial amount of monetary sources collected in Turkey and other countries by exploiting the religious and national sentiments of the people, for the execution of the the main activities of the organization and through the banks and other finance institutions of the organization.

3. When and how were the illegal purposes of FETO noticed?  

We have been aware of this peril for a long time. Appropriate measures were taken against FETO in Turkey. We consider the coup attempt as the very last resort and the most felonious step taken by the organization to cling onto power in Turkey. 
 
Currently, the entire institutions of the Turkish State are resolutely fighting FETO. 
 
The military FETO-affiliates have been exposed and uncovered following the recent coup attempt and are now being purged of the public service. Relevant precautions are currently applied in the police department, judiciary and other public agencies. These precautions will further bolster and strengthen the capacities of the security and intelligence departments notably in combating terrorism. 
 
FETO poses a threat not only for Turkey, but also for the national stability and security of the other countries where it operates.   
 
4. What were the factors leading to the failure of the coup attempt? What is the general point of view of the Turkish society towards the coup attempt?  

This uprising was hampered by civilians, the patriotic police and military.  The Turkish nation took to the streets and have displayed a historic solidarity against the coup attempt. They stood up courageously against the tanks and advocated the democratic order. 
 
The Turkish people have played the major role in hindering the coup attempt. Taking to streets, the people stood up against the tanks of the gang of coup plotters and disrupted the coup attempt.
 
The terrorists captured the state broadcaster TRT and made sudden raids on the private media institutions and thus tried to transmit their messages. However, the attempts of the coup plotters to take the media under control failed with the help of the civilians, patriotic policemen and soldiers. Therefore, the Turkish media has played a major part in rebuffing the coup attempt.  The coup plotters also attacked the satellite command center and tried to cut off the broadcast.
 
The entire political parties, the members of the Turkish Grand National Assembly and the people have decisively upheld and supported democracy, democratic politics, institutions of democracy and the Constitution.
 
The Turkish media and politics have given a good lesson of democracy during this process. All of the Turkish political parties have safeguarded the values of national will and protected the Turkish Grand National Assembly as a representative of this will.   
 
The attempts of the coup plotters have been entirely overturned and the coup plotters will accordingly be imposed appropriate penalties. 
 
5. How should we comment on the rallying of the people in squares, known as “democracy watch” in the aftermath of the failed coup attempt?  What is the purpose of the democracy watch?   

The greatest role was played by the Turkish people in overturning the coup attempt. Taking to the streets, the people stood up against the tanks of the gang of the coup plotters and thereby disrupted the coup attempt.   
 
Following the failed coup attempt, our people declared everyone, be they partial or impartial, that they have safeguarded and protected the free will manifested in the ballot boxes; and have cried out in one voice the determination against any evil attempt in suspending national will by some means or other. 
 
6. How should we elaborate on the precautions taken against the failed coup attempt, notably the decision of declaring a state of emergency, particularly within the framework of the principles of a democratic government based on human rights and rule of law?  

Measures were taken to effectively combat against the FETO-affiliates that infiltrated into the institutions of the Turkish state, by virtue of the Statutory Decree issued pursuant to the State of Emergency declared after the failed coup attempt.  The main purpose of the declaration of the state of emergency and the duly adopted Statutory Decree is to purge the State of the FETO-affiliates and protect the rule of law, democracy and human rights. The Decree has not imposed any restrictions on any rights and liberties of the people. The current structure and functioning of the governmental agencies, initiated investigations and the regulations on the public servants are compatible with the objectives and circumstances of the state of emergency and have been launched for the continuation of the State.   
 
Besides, no restriction was imposed on filing an objection at the penal court of peace against the decisions of the chief prosecutor in the course of the launched investigation. Certain prolongations and expansion of existing authorities during this process are due to the multidimensional investigations and the higher number of the parties about whom a legal action was initiated. Given the conditions of the state of emergency, such measures are reasonable. 
 
Rule of law, democracy and human rights are the main principles of the Republic of Turkey. In other words, our Government will combat against the terrorist uprising by taking the rule of law into consideration. 
 
7. Has Turkey experienced radical changes in social, political and economic fields in the aftermath of the failed coup attempt? Should we expect any negative impacts of such changes in the future?  

In the light of the statements made by relevant authorities, notably our Honorable President and Prime Minister, no negative impacts on social and economic fields are expected due to the failed coup attempt. This is because of the following facts precisely addressed by the highest authorities: 

  • The State of Emergency will not have any impacts on the daily life and business world. 
     
  • The government will remain committed to free market economy. 
     
  • The market economy continues to function and the Turkish financial assets being traded in a sound manner.
     
  • No amendment is expected in the economic policies of Turkey.
     
  • Fiscal discipline will remain to be a top priority of the government.
     
  • We will continue to resolutely implement the agenda of economic reform.
     
  • We are determined to take rapid steps towards increasing the level of our savings.
     
  • Turkey grew by 4.8% in the first quarter. We are expecting a robust economic growth rate in the year 2016.
     
  • Keeping our faith that the governmental institutions will be further strengthened as a result of this process, we will carry out necessary contacts to better inform the global economic cycles, including the credit rating institutions.
     
  • Turkey has displayed a great performance since the financial crisis of 2009. This success was achieved despite the negative economic environment.
     
  • As per the data of 2016, the Turkish economy ranks among the list of the top 5 fastest growing economies with a growth rate of 4.8%.
     
  • The indications prove that the level of the debts of the European countries outruns the debts of Turkey. Government debt as percentage of GDP is around 30-32% in Turkey. This level is around 116% in the EU and 93% in OECD countries.
     
  • No concessions will be made on fiscal discipline.
     
  • The banking system is remarkably strong. Capital adequacy ratio is around 15.5%.
     
  • The Turkish banks will not make any concessions on the rating criteria. A credit approach towards economic growth will be implemented. Special interest rates will be applied on prioritized investments and, if necessary, the resulting difference will be met through the Government Guarantee Fund.
     
  • The Turkish economy generated an employment for 1.1 million people in the foregoing years. The number of people employed ever since the financial crisis of 2009 is over 7 million. 
     
  • Measures are taken to ensure that the investors invest in real economy in the medium and long terms. Our plan is to raise investment, employment, production and exportation.
     
  • Three packages were planned and first of these packages was adopted by the Turkish Grand National Assembly and duly took effect. The establishment of companies is being facilitated; the costs of incorporation are reduced; securities may also be pledged as collaterals and 5-10 year exemptions are granted for taxes, insurances, social security premiums for the investments in the eastern part of Turkey.
     
  • The current Labor Act was granted a flexibility for incentivizing the Turkish economy. The International Labor Force Bill is currently on the agenda of the Turkish Grand National Assembly. The R&D and Patent Bill has been referred to be voted at the General Assembly. There will be a reform package relating to work life. Initiatives are taken to incentivize individual pension and an asset management fund is established. 
     
  • The investments will incessantly continue. Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge and the Eurasian Tunnel will be put into service on August 26 and December 20, respectively. The first stage of the largest airport constructed in Istanbul, will be put into service in the year 2018. The foundations of the Çanakkale Bridge, as the longest bridge on earth, will be laid down in 2016.
     
  • The Business Council, Business Forum and related initiatives conducted by the current bilateral and regional mechanisms and umbrella organizations will continue to function with a view to further enhancing the bilateral economic and commercial relations.
     
  • No one should hesitate in organizing/planning economic and commercial meetings in Turkey.

8. Has Turkey experienced a comprehensive aggravation in its basic macroeconomic indications following the failed coup attempt? Is a worsening of such indicators expected in Turkey?  

With all its institutions and organizations, the free market economy continues to properly and smoothly function in Turkey and the Turkish financial assets are traded in a sound manner.
 
No amendment is expected as regards the economic policies of Turkey. 
 
9. Have the Turkish citizens experienced any setbacks, delays or restrictions of the public services provided by the Government of the Republic of Turkey, in the aftermath of the failed coup attempt?  

The 3-month state of emergency declared at a nation-wide basis on 21.07.2016 accounts for a package of measures applicable under the constitutional rules and enables the government to elevate security measures with a view to effectively fight any threats against the rights and liberties of the citizens. The package of measures does not contain any provision to restrict fundamental rights and liberties.
 
The applicable security measures will in no case have an impact on the daily lives of the Turkish citizens or on the visits of vacations of international visitors and will not preclude international tourism or airway traffic. On the other hand, the package also does not impose any negative conditions hampering our international guests to have a secure vacation at any tourism destinations of Turkey.
 
10. Will the local or international investors intending to invest, start a business and engage in economic activities in Turkey face any restrictive and preclusive package of measures? 

The Business Council, Business Forum and related initiatives conducted by the current bilateral and regional mechanisms and umbrella organizations will continue to function with a view to further enhancing the bilateral economic and commercial relations.
 
No one should hesitate in organizing/planning economic and commercial meetings in Turkey.
 
The banking system continues to function as was the case before July 15th. No problem exists as to money transfer. 
No problem exists as regards the consignment of commodities. The ports, airports, highways, railways and the entire logistics infrastructure continue to function properly. 
 
Turkish Airlines and other airlines are carrying on their scheduled flights.