Customs 2020 Programme is one of European Union Programmes, planned to have 1.820.000 Euro budget for 7 years including 2014-2020, and contact and authority assignment of the programme is carried out by the Ministry of Customs and Trade (MoCT). Main objective of the programme is to standardize customs procedures of member states and candidate countries as far as possible, and to achieve best implementations among these standards. The aforementioned program was operated before under the names of “Customs 2002 Program (1996-2002)”, “Customs 2007 Program (2003-2007)”, and “Customs 2013 Program (2008-2013), and the Ministry of Customs and Trade was involved in program activities from the beginning. International Agreement regarding the program was signed on 16.07.2014 (see also Turkish and English version of the agreement: (http://english.gtb.gov.tr/data/55fbf8461a79f54c748a459e/gümrükler 2020 anlaşma.pdf) and from now on MoCT is involved in the Customs 2020 Program. In this framework, the Ministrial staff can participate in the activities within the programme, and the costs of the activities are reimbursed by Customs 2020 Program. In this context, the Ministry of Customs and Trade has been actively participating and contributing to “Cash Control Coordination Working Group”, “Customs Detection Technologies Expert Group”, “Customs Blueprints Revision Project Group”, “Training Management Group”, “Working Methods Group”, “Customs Laboratories Steering Group”, “Electronic Customs Group”, “Communication Network Group” and “Customs Union Performance Group”. As the authority of the programme, duties of General Directorate of European Union and Foreign Affairs are;
to manage and coordinate the programme,
to maintain the membership of Committee of Customs 2020 Programme, Customs 2020 country coordination office and working teams,
to determine and coordinate the works needed to be carried out on this matter in Ministry,
to determine the meetings and activities required by the Ministry
to participate in relative departments and participant profile,
to carry out the duties to ensure Ministrial staff to conduct working visits to member countries within program,
to coordinate working visits of the member countries to our country,
to deal with the financial matters of the program,
to manage travel and accommodation expenses of staff going abroad within the context of the program,
to organize seminars and workshops that all member countries will participate in.
The Program has several tools such as seminars, workshops, training and study visits. Among these tools, study visit is the most preferred tool by the customs officers. Each year several MoCT staff visit EU member states to observe best practices and several EU customs officers come to Turkeyfor the same purpose. Technical Assistance and Information Exchange Instrument (TAIEX) TAIEX supports public administrations with regard to the approximation, application and enforcement of EU legislation as well as facilitating the sharing of EU best practices by means of expert mission, study visit and workshop. In that framework, the Ministry of Customs and Trade uses the instrument for customs related issues efficiently by visiting EU countries or organizing workshops and expert missions for the harmonization of our legislation with the EU legislation. In this context, approximately 115 staff participated 37 study visits between 2012-2014. Also, several workshops and expert missions were organized during that period. In the meantime, preparations for new workshops, study visits and expert missions are in progress for the upcoming period.