Projects under the Instrument for Pre-Accession (IPA)
Entering into the accession negotiations with the European Union has chamges the tendency of the reforms and the financial assistance needed for these reforms in terms of quantity and quality. Legal and administrative amendments aiming at the alignment with the EU in different and extensive fields from public health to agriculture and energy to transportation, have been continuing increasingly, and the amount of funds has increased significantly in comparison with the previous period. Accordingly, with European Union 2007 – 2013 budget period, financial assistance to candidate and potential candidate countries have been merged under the title of Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA).
For the IPA – II period (2014 – 2020), in which multiannual sectorial approach will be maintained, strict attention is paid to the preparation of the projects with an integrated view within a of sectorial approach, as well as building projects that are practicable and have a potential of creating institutional and communal influence. Projects under IPA – II Programming are being evaluated within a sectorial approach under the sectors of “Public Management Reform”, “Democracy and Governance”, “Rule of Law and Fundamental Rights”, “Competitiveness and Innovativeness”, and “Education, Employment and Social Policy”.
Within this period, the Ministry of Customs and Trade used the funds provided by the European Union efficiently and productively since 2003. The projects of the Ministry are prepared within the framework of IPA – II Programming .
With the help of these projects (construction, supply, technical assistance, and twinning projects);
Connectivity and interoperability between Turkish Customs Administration and EU Information Technologies Systems regarding customs have been achieved,
The New Computerized Transit System was launched,
EU Tariff Management System including TARIC code was prepared to be further used in the event of full membership.
Customs laboratories have been equipped with modern equipment compatible with EU standards,
Risk Based Control Mechanism has been developed for customs,
Capacity for fighting against smuggling has been increased and land, railway, and sea customs have been equipped with modern equipment,
A computerized archives and disaster center has been established,
A strategic planning has been adopted.
Projects which were prepared by Ministry of Customs and Trade and accepted by European Commission are below:
|Project Proposal Period||Budget (Euro)|
GÜMSİS (Customs Offices Security Systems): Within the scope of the project, Cilvegözü, Öncüpınar, Dilucu, Haydarpaşa, Ambarlı, Çeşme, Mersin and Samsun land border check points and seaports were equipped with tracking and assessment systems such as closed circuit television system (CCTV), license plate recognition system, and vehicle tracking system.
Project for Increasing the Administrative Capacity of the TCA: The purpose of the project was designated as increasing administrative and legal capacity of Turkish Customs Legislation at the stage of Customs Union and the pre-accession period. Specific goals have been set as ensuring harmony of Turkish Customs Legislation and EU acquis, complying with EU customs standards identified in the document of Customs Blueprints and increasing the administrative capacity of Turkish Customs Administration. The project carried out with German Customs Administration was completed. The activities of the project were completed successfully, and the document entitled Business Strategy of Turkish Customs and National Action Plan was accordingly created.
2-) 2004 Programming Year- Modernization of Turkish Customs Administration-II
Customs IT Systems Project: Adaptation of information technology of Customs Administration to EU systems, computerization of BİLGE, pre-study of analyzing BİLGE in order to integrate ITMS into BİLGE, and adaptation study of requirements of being a party to Convention on a Common Transit Procedure were classified in this component.
Customs Enforcement Project: Within this framework, 5 x-ray machines were procured in order to use in İstanbul (Ambarlı), İzmir (Alsancak), Mersin, Gürbulak and Samsun check points, Risk Action Plan was formed, Risk Management Unit was established and equipped. In the same project, detection hangars with cold storage were built and equipment was purchased in İzmir and Mersin.
Customs Archive and Disaster Center Building Project: Within this scope, a new Archive Center was built in 3 thousand square meters field in Ankara in order to collect the computer-aided suspended control documents, and use as archive and disaster center. Besides, equipment (minibus, van, forklift, office equipment and shelf system) was purchased.
Customs IT Component: The purpose of this component is to bring Customs IT Systems including ITMS and NCTS in conformity with the EU system and to connect with the EU via CCN/CSI. Service and supply tenders were thus completed. Italy was selected as the partner of twinning in the fields of ITMS and NCTS. Projects were launched as of September 1st, 2008 and were finalized in February 2010. The activities specified under this component were determined as a result of a joint work with EU Commission officials. The project activities related to IT were designated as a whole prerequisite in order to complete EU membership process.
Customs Enforcement Component: It envisages the procurement of 14 vehicle tracking systems and vehicles. Supply tender was carried out with the other IT projects and was further completed. Vehicles were received.
Component of Increasing the Administrative Capacity of the TCA: It includes a twinning project intended to increase the capacity with subsequent control and training as well as procuring equipment for training center, dog training center and shooting gallery. Germany was selected as the twinning partner. However, because of failing to find an allowance in the national budget, dog training center and shooting gallery sub-projects were canceled. The kick-off meeting of the project (whose activities started on May 2nd, 2008) was held on June 5th, 2008. Increasing the Administrative Capacity Twinning Project maintained the activities within Training and Subsequent Control Working Teams and completed the works in November 2009.
Customs Enforcement Component: It aims to strengthen customs surveillance and inspection capacity. The project consists of 10 small patrol boat for seaports, 25 patrol cars and vehicle tracking system for internal operations, twinning component for training of seaport staff, and 5 Mobile Vehicle Identification System and staff training component. Britain-Germany Consortium was chosen as twinning co-partner country, and the project is completed. Tender process regarding patrol cars, boats and x-ray machines is completed.
Risk Management Component: The purpose is to comply with Customs Blueprint regarding the monitoring of international trade and expanding the capacity of forgery prevention, training of human resources on risk analysis and management, and facilitating trade based upon risk management. Twinning project comprises of gap and needs analysis regarding legislation, capacity enhancement and training, business visits to EU countries, and training central and local staff about risk analysis. British-German Consortium was selected as the twinning co-partner country, and the project was completed.
The Project Regarding Repayment/Remission of Customs Debts: The project was designed on the purpose of preparation of secondary legislation corresponding to the EU regarding collection, repayment and remission of customs duty, and observing the implementation in EU.
Customs Enforcement Component: This component includes the procurement of 15 mobile baggage scanning vans in order to strengthen safeguarding power of Turkish Customs Administration as regards the acceleration of controls of passengers.
Component of Customs Laboratories: Within the scope of ISO 17025 standards, it aims to facilitate the trading at Turkish Customs through effective tariff system and as a result, to strengthen administrative capacity enabling better competition in the international market, and to ensure the harmonization of Turkish Customs Laboratories and EU Customs Laboratories.
Component of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR): This component includes harmonizing legislation and implementation, enabling right holders to issue electronic application, and purchasing equipment as regards the protection of intellectual property rights within the scope of Strengthen Capacity of Turkish Customs Administration to fight against piracy and counterfeit.
Component of Organizational Restructuring and Human Resources Management: The project has the aim of determining ideal number of administration and work load, forming an internal control system within the Turkish Customs Administration, achieving the targets of Strategic Plan, organizing the structure of human resources, determining the ideal number of customs administration through calculation of staff requirement, workload and work process, forming prototype local customs administrations, improving corporate information management infrastructure, forming corporate performance management infrastructure, and so forth.
9-) 2013 Programming Year
Customs Enforcement Project: This project includes two supply projects :supply of boats and supply of vehicles- and one twinning project. While 4 boats willl be provided under the supply of the boats, with the other project 5 small vehicles and 5 pick-ups will be purchased.
10-) 2014 Programming Year
Customs Enforcement Project: This Project includes a twinning and supply component for the standardization of customs checks and controls at three pilot airports; training of trainers in the field of passenger and cargo controls and subsequent training of personnel at three pilot airports; training of five new dog trainers and of at least four types of detection dogs as well as the installation of new surveillance equipment at the the pilot airports.
11-) 2015 Programming Year
The Ministry will manage the projects on “Improving the Container Control Capacity of Customs Enforcement” and “Improving the Capacity of Customs Enforcement Coordination Centre” and it is envisaged that its total budget is 7.500.000 Euros. In this regard, a twinning light contract comprised of two components (i.e. “Training”, “Targeting” and “Searching”) and a supply contract comprised of the procurement of five (5) backscatter vans are the main elements of this activity.