The concept of Authorized Economic Operator (AEO) has emerged within the scope of the SAFE Framework of Standards adopted by the World Customs Organisation in 2005. Within the framework of SAFE, AEO is defined as a party to the cross border movement of the goods, as well as a manufacturer, importer, exporter, mediator, port, airport, or warehouse operating in compliance with the security of supply chain assured by the national customs authorities. Though the AEO concept is internationally defined and globally exhaustive, national customs administrations hold the discretionary power to define the criteria required for the AEO and the recognition of the AEO status.
In Turkey, local clearance transactions and the procedures relating to the authorized consigner on export are put into effect with the Regulation of Trade Facilitation published in the Official Gazette dated January 10th, 2013 and no. 28524. Trade facilitation regulation, issued in the Official Gazette dated May 21st, 2014 and no. 29006 and the former regulations have been abrogated, and appropriate legal arrangements have been completed with regard to local clearance transactions and the procedures relating to the authorized consigner at export and authorized consignee at import. The Customs General Communiqué governing the trade facilitation procedures issued in the Official Gazette dated March 29th, 2013 and no. 28602, lays down the procedures and principles regarding the scope and electronic presentation of papers, when submitting an application for the Authorized Economic Operator Certificate. In this context, the Communiqué allows for the use of the facilities only by the local export clearance holding the permit within the scope of the authorized consigner warranty, and determines the relevant provisions for the lawful suspension of trade facilitation and amending the terms of redemption and cancelation.
Turkey’s Customs Legislation allows the natural and legal persons and state institutions and organizations established in Turkey’s trade zone (including the free trade areas, and operating for at least three years) to become Authorized Economic Operators. Applicants have to fulfil the following four conditions in order to qualify as an Authorized Economic Operator:
Article 14 of the executive order on the organisation and functions of the Ministry of Customs and Trade no. 640.