Foods, vegetables and fruits, fresh or frozen meat and fish, eggs, flowers, living organs intended for consumption or fresh blood samples, plants and plant-like goods, which are likely to decay because of the altitude, temperature, moisture, climate or other changes in environmental conditions or date of expiry, are classified as “perishable goods”. It is important to complete the customs clearance of perishable goods as rapid as possible. Perishable goods, by their very nature, may disappear completely or their life span may be shortened when necessary warehousing opportunity is not provided or when the duration of customs procedures is extended.
“International Convention on the Simplification and Harmonization of Customs Procedures”, signed in 1999, emphasizes the necessity of prioritizing the perishable goods during customs procedures. The World Trade Organization Trade Facilitation Agreement, adopted at the 9th WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali, regulates the requirement of prioritizing the perishable goods during customs procedures and the provision of proper warehousing opportunities for the exporter in the case of extension of the procedure.
Even there are instructions and transferable letter of credit concerning prioritizing the customs procedure of perishable goods such as foods, medical apparatus and blood products in our country; no specific regulation or legislation infrastructure exists as to the perishable goods. In accordance with Article 539 of Customs Law, perishable or destroyable goods could be preserved subject to provisions of warehousing regime in Type E warehouses.